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little boy watering the garden with hoseUnder Pressure

Do you have water pressure problems? Picture yourself placing your thumb over the end of a garden hose and turning the water on at 50 percent of full flow. Despite your best efforts, you won’t be able to prevent the water from eventually escaping between your fingers. This simple exercise illustrates the power of water pressure. Inside the home, water pressure levels range from low to high, with each scenario leading to very specific and potentially devastating plumbing problems.

High Water Pressure Problems

High water pressure assumes a gauge reading of 60 psi or higher, compared to the ideal pressure of 40 to 45 psi. PSI refers to pound per square inch, a pressure measurement from a push of one pound-force applied to an area of one square inch. Higher pressure in plumbing means more force. Home appliances and fixtures can handle up to 80 psi, after which point they are at risk of failure of bursting pipes. High water pressure makes water pour out of a faucet or showerhead at an exceedingly fast rate.Family dealing with a water leak in the ceiling, EPS 8 vector illustration, no transparencies

What causes high water pressure? Water suppliers are the likely culprits. Your provider should adjust pressure to account for a new high-rise which requires extra pressure to combat the forces of gravity.

Typical dangers associated with high water pressure:

  • high pressure waterWater hammering is the sound water pressure makes while surging through pipes. Pipes can also creak and groan, which is not only annoying but hazardous if the pipes are pushed until they burst.
  • Water heater breakage. Excessive pressure places strain on water heaters due to thermal expansion. Hot water heaters expand as they heat (as does any other material), and the extra pressure can cause them to break at the seams. Talk to an experienced plumber about installing pressure relief valves, which will eliminate the risk of this problem.
  • Water waste. Higher pressure means that water is coming out of the tap or showerhead at higher-than-necessary speed. Reducing the pressure to acceptable levels saves water and lessens the likelihood of overtaxed, leaky faucets. When pressure is too high, faucets, hose connections, and showers can drip because water pressure forces the water out even when the faucet is turned off.

Water flowing down from garden hose close upLow Water Pressure Problems

  • You’ve sprung a leak. Low water pressure often results from a leak within the plumbing system. Water pressure follows the path of least resistance. So it will cause water to rush out, which leaves less available pressure for other fixtures and appliances.
  • Pipes are corroded. Corrosion in galvanized iron plumbing is common, especially in older homes. The corrosion builds over time until it restricts water flow. This often occurs in valves found under the sink or bath. Plumbers remove these valves and chip away some of the corrosion; but this is a short-term fix. A qualified and honest plumber can determine whether a complete replacement with copper pipes is warranted.
  • Your water pressure regulator isn’t working
    Regulators adjust very high pressure from the water main to a level that is suitable for residences, usually 40 to 45 psi. These devices are not failsafe and can cause problems which result in low water pressure — including a mistakenly low pressure setting and blockages due to debris,

In Closing

While you (and your plumber) can’t control the water supply from the city, you could install regulators and pressure relief valves to help manage the pressure. So, if you have low or high water pressure, call the expert plumbers at JB Plumbing in San Dimas.

With us, you can expect upfront pricing; fast, free estimates; licensed, bonded and insured plumbers who are neat, polite, and well trained. We use state-of-the-art tools and equipment and are proud of the fact our services are free from hidden costs like travel charges. If you call JB Plumbing today, 24/7, you will speak directly to a plumber instead of a telephone answering service. At JB Plumbing, we expertly repair residential and commercial plumbing as well as construction. Call today to schedule an appointment. (909) 593-2194.